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Organism name
Staphylococcus aureus                                                                                                           Find images with Google

NCBI taxonomy ID
Lineage
Description
Firmicutes - Bacilli                              Japanese
Carotenoid Profile
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CA00001  4,4'-Diapolycopene  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.540)


CA00003  Neo-4,4'-diaponeurosporene B  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA00004  Neo-4,4'-diaponeurosporene C  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA00008  4,4'-Diapophytoene  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.192)


CA00007  4,4'-Diapophytofluene  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA00005  4,4'-Diapo-7,8,11,12-tetrahydrolycopene  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA00006  4,4'-Diapo-ζ-carotene  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.540)


CA00002  4,4'-Diaponeurosporene  - C30, psi,psi apo hydrocarbons (apocarotenoids) (Ref.508, Ref.540)


CA00023  OH-Diaponeurosporene glucoside ester  - C30, psi,psi apo hydroxycarotenoids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.133)


CA00010  4,4'-Diapolycopen-4-al  - C30, psi,psi apo aldehydes (apocarotenoids) (Ref.540)


CA00011  4,4'-Diaponeurosporen-4-al  - C30, psi,psi apo aldehydes (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA01126  Hydroxy-diaponeurosporenal  - C30, psi,psi apo aldehydes (apocarotenoids) (Ref.540)


CA00034  4,4'-Diapocaroten-4'-al-4-oic acid  - C30, psi,psi apo carboxylic acids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.540)


CA00016  4,4'-Diaplycopene-4,4'-dioic acid  - C30, psi,psi apo carboxylic acids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.540)


CA00015  4,4'-Diaponeurosporen-4-oic acid  - C30, psi,psi apo carboxylic acids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75, Ref.540)


CA00022  β-D-glucosyl 4,4'-diaponeurosporenoic acid  - C30, psi,psi apo carboxylic acids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.192, Ref.75, Ref.540)


CA00021  Staphyloxanthin  - C30, psi,psi apo carboxylic acids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA00024  Isostaphyloxanthin  - C30, psi,psi apo carboxylic acids (apocarotenoids) (Ref.75)


CA00043  Lycopene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydrocarbon (Ref.540)


CA00051  ζ-Carotene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydrocarbon (Ref.540)


CA00042  3,4-Dehydrolycopene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydrocarbon (Ref.540)


References
  • Ref.540 : Benjamin N. Mijts, Pyung Cheon Lee, Claudia Schmidt-Dannert, Chemistry & Biology, Volume 12, Issue 4, April 2005, Pages 453–460, "Identification of a Carotenoid Oxygenase Synthesizing Acyclic Xanthophylls: Combinatorial Biosynthesis and Directed Evolution"
  • Ref.75 : Marshall, John H.; Wilmoth, Gregory H., Journal of Bacteriology (1981), 147(3), 900-13., "Pigments of Staphylococcus aureus, a series of triterpenoid carotenoids"
  • Ref.192 : Pelz, Alexandra; Wieland, Karsten-Peter; Putzbach, Karsten; Hentschel, Petra; Albert, Klaus; Goetz, Friedrich, Journal of Biological Chemistry (2005), 280(37), 32493-32498., "Structure and Biosynthesis of Staphyloxanthin from Staphylococcus aureus"
  • Ref.508 : Wieland B, Feil C, Gloria-Maercker E, Thumm G, Lechner M, Bravo JM, Poralla K, Götz F., J Bacteriol. 1994 Dec;176(24):7719-26., PMID: 8002598, "Genetic and biochemical analyses of the biosynthesis of the yellow carotenoid 4,4'-diaponeurosporene of Staphylococcus aureus."
  • Ref.133 : Richard, F. Taylor, Microbiological Reviews, Spet. 1984, pp. 181-198, "Bacterial Triterpenoids"

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