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Entry
CA00720                                                            

Classification
Carotenoid Name
gamma,gamma-Carotene
IUPAC name gamma,gamma-Carotene
Formula
C40H56
Molecular Weight 
536.848 g/mol
Structure   
Mol file
Carotenoid DB Fingerprints 
Biological functions/Properties 
  • Anticarcinogenic activity - almost same as β-carotene (Ref.491).
  • Number of
    conjugated double bonds 
    9
    Number of
    conjugated multiple bonds 
    9
    Isomers 
    InChI
    InChI=1S/C40H56/c1-31(19-13-21-33(3)25-27-37-35(5)23-15-29-39(37,7)8)17-11-12-18-32(2)20-14-22-34(4)26-28-38-36(6)24-16-30-40(38,9)10/h11-14,17-22,25-28,37-38H,5-6,15-16,23-24,29-30H2,1-4,7-10H3/b12-11+,19-13+,20-14+,27-25+,28-26+,31-17+,32-18+,33-21+,34-22+
    InChIKey
    UPYKUZBSLRQECL-JLTXGRSLSA-N
    Canonical SMILES
    C/C(=C\C=C\C=C(\C=C\C=C(\C=C\C1C(=C)CCCC1(C)C)/C)/C)/C=C/C=C(/C=C/C1C(=C)CCCC1(C)C)\C
    XLogP
    15.730
    Hydrogen Bond donors
    (Lipinski's definition)
    0
    Hydrogen Bond Acceptors
    (Lipinski's definition)
    0
    LipinskiFailures
    1
    Complexity of molecule
    0.312
    Number of heavy atoms
    40
    TPSA
    (Topological Polar Surface Area) 
    0.000 Å2
    Source organisms
    Coccinella septempunctata (Ref.116) - Insect: seven-spotted ladybird
    Macrosiphum liriodendri (Ref.118) - Insect: aphid
    References
  • Ref.116 : Britton, George; Lockley, William J. S.; Harriman, Garry A.; Goodwin, Trevor W., Nature (London, United Kingdom) (1977), 266(5597), 49-50., "Pigmentation of the ladybird beetle Coccinella septempunctata by carotenoids not of plant origin".
  • Ref.118 : Andrewes, A. G.; Kjoesen, H.; Liaaen-Jensen, S.; Weisgraber, K. H.; Lousberg, R. J. J. C.; Weiss, U., Acta Chemica Scandinavica (1947-1973) (1971), 25(10), 3878-80., "Animal carotenoids. 7. Carotenes of two color variants of the aphid Macrosiphum liriodendri. Identification of natural γ,​γ-​carotene".
  • Ref.491 : Tsushima M, Maoka T, Katsuyama M, Kozuka M, Matsuno T, Tokuda H, Nishino H, Iwashima A., Biol Pharm Bull. 1995 Feb;18(2):227-33., PMID: 7742789, "Inhibitory effect of natural carotenoids on Epstein-Barr virus activation activity of a tumor promoter in Raji cells. A screening study for anti-tumor promoters.".
  • CAS
    34815-98-0
    Links to other DB
    KNApSAcK: C00022809

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