Carotenoids obi
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Organism name
Homo sapiens                                                                                                           Find images with Google

NCBI taxonomy ID
Lineage
Description
Mammal: Human                              Japanese
Carotenoid Profile
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CA00043  Lycopene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydrocarbon (Ref.407)


CA00060  Phytoene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydrocarbon (Ref.407)


CA00057  Phytofluene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydrocarbon (Ref.407)


CA00085  2,6-Cyclolycopene-1,5-diol  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, psi,psi hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.211)


CA00309  β-Carotene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,beta hydrocarbon (Ref.407)


CA00311  (9Z)-β-Carotene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,beta hydrocarbon (Ref.425)


CA00328  Zeaxanthin  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,beta hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.196)


CA00329  Meso-Zeaxanthin  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,beta hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.196)


CA00376  Zeaxanthin monomethyl ether  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,beta hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.196)


CA00587  α-Carotene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,epsilon hydrocarbon (Ref.407)


CA00597  Lutein  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,epsilon hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.407, Ref.196)


CA00599  3'-Epilutein  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,epsilon hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.211)


CA00635  3'-Dehydrolutein  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,epsilon ketone (Ref.196, Ref.211)


CA00692  Tunaxanthin  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, epsilon,epsilon hydroxycarotenoid (Ref.211)


CA01098  3,3'-Diketo-ε-carotene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, epsilon,epsilon ketone (Ref.523)


CA00693  3,3'-Diketo-ε-carotene  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, epsilon,epsilon ketone (Ref.211)


CA01097  3'-Hydroxy-ε-caroten-3-one  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, epsilon,epsilon ketone (Ref.523)


CA00700  (6S,3'S,6'S)-3'-Hydroxy-ε-caroten-3-one  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, epsilon,epsilon ketone (Ref.211)


CA01031  Vitamin A  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,- apo apocarotenoid (Ref.422)


CA01204  (13Z)-Retinoic acid: 13-cis-Retinoic acid  - C40 including C40 originated apocarotenoids and intermediates, beta,- apo apocarotenoid (Ref.631)


References
  • Ref.407 : Wilhelm Stahl and Helmut Sies, 2012 American Society for Nutrition, "β-Carotene and other carotenoids in protection from sunlight"
  • Ref.211 : Frederick Khachik Paul S. Bernstein, and Donita L. Garland, Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, August 1997, Vol. 38, No. 9, "Identification of lutein and zeaxanthin oxidation products in human and monkey retinas."
  • Ref.425 : Wilhelm Stahl, Wolfgang Schwarz, Alfred R. Sundquist, Helmut Sies, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Volume 294, Issue 1, April 1992, Pages 173–177, "cis-trans isomers of lycopene and β-carotene in human serum and tissues"
  • Ref.196 : Bhosale P, Zhao da Y, Serban B, Bernstein PS., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr;48(4):1435-40., "Identification of 3-methoxyzeaxanthin as a novel age-related carotenoid metabolite in the human macula."
  • Ref.523 : Bernstein, P.S., et al., Lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin: The basic and clinical science underlying carotenoid-based nutritional interventions against ocular disease, Progress in Retinal and Eye Research (2015), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preteyeres.2015.10.003
  • Ref.422 : Dean Bok, Joram Heller, Experimental Eye Research, Volume 22, Issue 5, Part 1, May 1976, Pages 395-402, "Transport of retinol from the blood to the retina: an autoradiographic study of the pigment epithelial cell surface receptor for plasma retinol-binding protein"
  • Ref.631 : Yusuke Takahashi, Gennadiy Moiseyev, Ying Chen, Krysten Farjo, Olga Nikolaeva, and Jian-xing Ma, FEBS J. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 April 1. "An Enzymatic Mechanism for Generating the Precursor of Endogenous 13-cis Retinoic Acid in the Brain"

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